Sport Therapy Clinic

Guiding you back to health


1.CHD - Coronary Heart Disease-Aim:


decreasing the risk of cardiovascular mortality trough the reinforcement of advice from primary care practitioners,Alleviating or lessening activity related symptoms trough systematic and progressive exercise programming that is regularly monitored,Limiting the progression and reversing the cardiovascular disease process in line with primary care objectives

Hyperlipidaemia-Aim:


Although lifestyle intervention(dietary modification,weight loss and exercise)is recommended for the treatment of hyperlipidaemia(and related CVDs) as initial therapy for at least 6weeks,pharmacological intervention is the primary modality for reducing lipid and lipoprotein levels.This is especially true in cases of familial hyperlipidaemia,and is highly effective and well tolerated.

Daily exercise is strongly advocated in all cases because of its favourable effects on glucose intolerance.

Benefites:  

lower triglycerid concentrations,reduce post-prandial lipid levels,higher HDL-C concentrations,decreased concentration of small LDL particles,increased number of large LDL particles,increased lipoprotein lipase(LPL) activity,improved glycaemic control

Hypertension
decreased blood pressure,decrease heart rate response,increased myocardial blood flow
-Hypertension-(essential or primary and secondary hypertension)may over time heart thicken and stiffen(myocardial hypertrophy)and angina pectoris or myocardial infarction(heart attack)may develop.

2.Chronic respiratory diseases - (COPD)

Asthma
Atopic(extrinsic)-Non-Atopic(intrinsic)

Benefits: prevent further progression of the disease,prevent and treat exacerbation,to relieve symptoms,improve exercise tolerance and quality of life,cardiovascular reconditioning,improved ventilatory efficiency,reduced ventilatory requirments at a given workload,desensitization to dispnoea,increased flexibility and muscle strenght,enhanced body image 


3.Metabolic diseases

-Obesity-comorbidity or develop:hypertension,coronary heart disease(CHD),stroke,hypercholesterolaemia,gallbladder disease,arthritis fo the back,hips,knees and ankles,diabetes,breast cancer in woman,Gastro-oesophageal reflux desease(GORD)
-Diabetes - Type 1 mellitus,Type 2 mellitus
Benefit:- increases in both insulin sensitivity and non-insulin dependent muscle glucose uptake,increases in muscle concentration of GLUT 4 transporter proteins that draw glucose into muscle cells,increased oxidation rates of muscle glucose,increased insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake persist long after aerobic exercise,even after pre-exercise glycogen level have been restored,increased intramuscular lipid accumulation/storage to help fuel muscle tissue,reduction plasma free fatty acid levels,reduction in arterial blood pressure,reduction in glycosylated haemoglobin levels,therefore indicated lower average blood glucosse levels

4.Menthal health disorders

-Depression
-General Anxiety Disorder(GAD)
-Dysthymia(chronic mild depression)

Benefits: - Endorphin hypothesis,Thermogenic hypothesis,Distraction hypothesis,Self-efficacy theory,Mastery hypothesis


5:Musculosceletal disorders

-Osteoarthritis
-Rheumatoid arthritis
-Osteoporosis
-Non-specific low back pain
-Total joint replacement
-Total hip replacement(THR)
-Total knee replacement(TKR)